Chronic ITP in Children

Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is a diagnosis of exclusion. That means that in order to diagnose ITP in children, the doctor will have to rule out other conditions first. This may take several weeks.


This might be a stressful time for both you and your child, but it’s important to remain calm and not jump to conclusions. You are not in this alone.


Once your child has been diagnosed with ITP, you and your doctors will have to see if his or her platelet counts respond to initial treatment. If after 6 months treatment fails to keep platelet counts up safely and consistently, your child will be diagnosed with chronic ITP.

Who can you talk to for support?


Pediatrician: Your child’s main doctor for any health issue


Hematologist: A blood specialist


Medical staff: Nurses and physician assistants can help you and your child along the chronic ITP journey


Social worker or therapist: Chronic ITP can take a toll on your child and the family. These specialists give family members the opportunity to discuss their feelings and to find a way to keep living a normal life

Chronic ITP terms to know

Autoimmune condition

A condition in which the immune system attacks healthy parts of the body


Bone marrow

Tissue inside some bones that makes red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets



Feeling extremely tired without a clear or direct cause


Immune system

A system that protects the body from disease



A drug that limits the activity of the immune system



Medicine given in a doctor’s office through a needle or tube inserted into a vein



Doctors who treat blood disorders and cancer. Hematologists can help rule out other diseases and administer a treatment



Pinpoint red or purple dots that appear on the skin as a result of bleeding



A fragment of a blood cell that helps blood to clot



An organ that helps the body fight infection


Thrombopoietin (TPO)

A protein produced primarily in the liver that controls how many platelets are made